A blog a truncation of the expression weblog  is a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary -style text entries "posts".
Posts are typically displayed in reverse chronological order, so that the most recent post appears first, at the top of the web page. Untilblogs were usually the work of a single individual, [ citation needed ] occasionally of a small group, and often covered a single subject or topic.
In the s, "multi-author blogs" MABs have developed, with posts written by large numbers of authors and sometimes professionally edited. MABs from newspapersother media outlets, universitiesthink tanksadvocacy groupsand similar institutions account for an increasing quantity of blog traffic. The rise of Twitter and other " microblogging " systems helps integrate MABs and single-author blogs into the news media.
Blog can also be used as a verb, meaning to maintain or add content to a blog. The emergence and growth of blogs in the late s coincided with the advent of web publishing tools that facilitated the posting of content by non-technical users who did not blog post editor service united kingdom much experience with HTML or computer programming.
Previously, a knowledge of such technologies as HTML and File Transfer Protocol had been required to publish content on the Web, and as such, early Web users tended to be hackers and computer enthusiasts. In the s, the majority are interactive Web 2. Indeed, bloggers do not only produce content to post on their blogs, but also often build social relations with their readers and blog post editor service united kingdom bloggers.
Many blogs provide commentary on a particular subject or topic, ranging from politics to sports. Others function as more personal online diariesand others function more as online brand advertising of a particular individual or company. A typical blog combines text, digital images, and links to other blogs, web pagesand other media related to blog post editor service united kingdom topic. The ability of readers to leave publicly viewable comments, and interact with other commenters, is an important contribution to the popularity of many blogs.
However, blog owners or authors often moderate and filter online comments to remove hate speech or other offensive content.
Most blogs are primarily textual, although some focus on art art blogsphotographs photoblogsvideos video blogs or "vlogs"music MP3 blogsand audio podcasts. In education, blogs can be used as instructional resources.
These blogs are referred blog post editor service united kingdom as edublogs. Microblogging is another type of blogging, featuring very short posts. On 20 Februarythere were around million Tumblr  and According to critics and other bloggers, Blogger is the most popular blogging service used today.
However, Blogger does not offer public statistics. The short form, "blog", was coined by Peter Merholz, who jokingly broke the word weblog into the phrase we blog in the sidebar of his blog Peterme.
In the s, Blog post editor service united kingdom forum software, created running conversations with "threads". Threads are topical connections between messages on a virtual " corkboard ". The page was accessible by a special "What's New" button in the Mosaic web browser.
The modern blog evolved from the online diarywhere people would keep a running account of the events in their personal lives. Most such writers called themselves diarists, journalistsor journalers. Justin Hallblog post editor service united kingdom began personal blogging in while a student at Swarthmore Collegeis generally recognized as one of the earlier bloggers,  as is Jerry Pournelle.
Daily Net News ran links and daily reviews of new websites, mostly in Australia. Blog post editor service united kingdom early blog was Wearable Wireless Webcam, an online shared diary of a person's personal life combining text, digital video, and digital pictures transmitted live from a wearable computer and EyeTap device to a web site in blog post editor service united kingdom This practice of semi-automated blogging blog post editor service united kingdom live video together with text was referred to as sousveillanceand such journals were also used as evidence in legal matters.
Early blogs were simply manually updated components of common Websites. However, the evolution of electronic and software tools to facilitate the production and maintenance of Blog post editor service united kingdom articles posted in blog post editor service united kingdom chronological order made the publishing process feasible to a much larger, less technical, population.
Ultimately, this resulted in the distinct class of online publishing that produces blogs we recognize today. For instance, the use of some sort of browser-based software is now a typical aspect of "blogging".
Blogs can be hosted by dedicated blog hosting servicesor they can be run using blog software, or on regular web hosting services. Some early bloggers, such as The Misanthropic Bitchwho began inactually referred to their online presence as a zinebefore the term blog entered common usage. After a slow start, blogging rapidly gained in popularity. Blog usage spread during and the years following, being further popularized by the near-simultaneous arrival of the first hosted blog tools: Blog post editor service united kingdom early milestone in the rise in importance of blogs came inwhen many bloggers focused on comments by U.
Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott. Senator Strom Thurmondpraised Senator Thurmond by suggesting that the United States would have been better off had Thurmond been elected president. Lott's critics saw these comments as a tacit approval of racial segregationa http://piernassexy.co/popular-curriculum-vitae-proofreading-for-hire-usa.php advocated by Thurmond's presidential campaign. This view was reinforced by documents and recorded interviews dug up by bloggers.
See Josh Marshall 's Talking Points Memo. Though Lott's comments were made at a public event attended by the media, no major media organizations reported on his controversial comments until after blogs broke the story. Blogging helped to create a political crisis that forced Lott to step down as majority leader.
Similarly, blogs were among the driving forces behind the " Rathergate " scandal. To wit: television journalist Dan Rather presented documents on the CBS show 60 Minutes that conflicted with accepted accounts of President Bush's military service record. Bloggers declared the documents to be forgeries and presented evidence and arguments in support of that view. Consequently, CBS apologized for what it said were inadequate reporting techniques see Blog post editor service united kingdom Green Footballs.
Many bloggers view this scandal as the advent of blogs' acceptance by the mass media, both as a news source and opinion and as means of applying political pressure. Though often seen as partisan gossips, [ citation needed ] bloggers sometimes lead the way in bringing key information to public light, with mainstream media having to follow their lead.
More often, however, news blogs http://piernassexy.co/custom-creative-essay-ghostwriters-for-hire-uk.php to blog post editor service united kingdom to material already published by the mainstream media. Meanwhile, an increasing number of experts blogged, making blogs a source of in-depth analysis. Bloggers such as Rustem Adagamov and Alexei Navalny have many followers and the latter's nickname for the ruling United Russia party as the "party of crooks and thieves" has been adopted by anti-regime protesters.
Blogging was established by politicians and political candidates to express opinions on war and other issues and cemented blogs' role as a news source.
See Howard Dean and Wesley Clark. Even politicians not actively campaigning, such as the UK's Click here Party's MP Tom Watsonbegan to blog to bond with constituents. In JanuaryFortune magazine listed eight bloggers whom business people "could not ignore": Peter RojasXeni JardinBen TrottMena TrottJonathan SchwartzJason Goldman, Robert Scobleand Jason Calacanis.
Inthe presence of the American journalism industry had declined to the point that several newspaper corporations were filing for bankruptcy, resulting in less direct competition between newspapers within the same circulation area. Discussion emerged as to whether the newspaper industry would benefit from a stimulus package by the federal government.
There are many different types of blogs, differing not only in the type of content, but also in the way that content is delivered or written. As the popularity of blogging continues to rise, the commercialisation of blogging is rapidly increasing. Many corporations and companies collaborate with bloggers to increase advertising and engage please click for source communities towards their products.
In the book Fans, Bloggers, and GamersHenry Jenkins stated that "Bloggers take knowledge in their own hands, enabling successful navigation within and between these emerging knowledge cultures. One can see such behaviour as co-optation into commodity culture insofar as it sometimes collaborates with corporate interests, but one can also see it as increasing the diversity of media culture, providing opportunities for greater inclusiveness, and making more responsive to consumers.
There are essentially two measures of this: popularity through citations, as well as popularity through affiliation here. The basic conclusion from studies of the structure of blog post editor service united kingdom is that while it takes time for a blog to become popular through blogrolls, permalinks can boost popularity more quickly, and are perhaps more indicative of popularity and authority than blogrolls, since they denote that people are actually reading the blog's content and deem it valuable or noteworthy in specific cases.
Information was gathered by the tool for over four years, during which it autonomously tracked the most contagious information spreading in the blog community, ranking it by recency and popularity. It can, therefore, [ original research? The project was replaced by tailrank. Blogs are given rankings by Alexa Internet web hits of Alexa Toolbar usersand formerly by blog search engine Technorati based on the number of incoming links Technorati stopped doing this in In AugustTechnorati found that the most linked-to blog on the internet was that of Chinese actress Xu Jinglei.
Other bloggers are media professionals blog post editor service united kingdom are publishing online, rather than via a TV station or newspaper, either as an add-on to a traditional media presence e. Some institutions and organizations see blogging as a means of "getting around the filter" of media " gatekeepers " and pushing their messages directly to the public. Many mainstream journalists, meanwhile, write their own blogs—well overaccording to CyberJournalist. In counterpoint, Hugh Hewitt exemplifies a mass media personality who has moved in the other direction, adding to his reach in "old media" by being an influential blogger.
Similarly, it was Emergency Preparedness and Safety Tips On Air and Online blog articles that captured Surgeon General of the See more States Richard Carmona 's attention and earned his kudos for the associated broadcasts by talk show host Lisa Tolliver and Westchester Emergency Volunteer Reserves- Medical Reserve Corps Director Marianne Partridge. Minority language publishing which may lack economic feasibility can find its audience through inexpensive blogging.
There are examples of bloggers who have published books based on their blogs, e. Blog-based books have been given the name blook. A prize for the best blog-based book was initiated in the Lulu Blooker Prize. Consumer-generated advertising is a relatively new and controversial development, and it has created a new model of marketing communication from businesses to consumers.
Among the various forms of advertising on blog, the most controversial are the sponsored posts. Blogs have led to some disintermediation and a breakdown of the traditional advertising model, where companies can skip over the advertising agencies previously the only interface with the customer and contact the customers directly via social media websites.
On read more other hand, new companies specialised in blog advertising have been established, to take advantage of this new development as well. However, there are many people who look negatively on this new development. Internet Service Providers ISPsin general, are immune from liability for information that originates with third parties U.
Cahillthe Delaware Supreme Court held that stringent standards had to be met to blog post editor service united kingdom the anonymous bloggersand also took the unusual step of dismissing the libel case itself as unfounded under American libel law rather than referring it back to the trial court for reconsideration. The Cahills amended their original complaint, and the mayor settled the case rather than going to trial.
The plaintiff was supported by the Malaysian government. In the United States, blogger Aaron Wall was sued by Traffic Power for defamation and publication of trade secrets in The case was dismissed for lack of personal jurisdiction, and Traffic Power failed to appeal within the allowed time.
In general, attempts by employee bloggers to protect themselves by maintaining anonymity have proved ineffective. Mr Justice Eady refused to grant an order to protect the anonymity of Richard Horton. Horton was a here officer in the United Kingdom who blogged about his job under the name "NightJack".
Simonetti took legal action against the airline for "wrongful termination, defamation of character and lost future wages". He was fired two days after he complied with his employer's request to remove the sensitive material from his blog.
After the blog was discovered and she was fired,  she wrote a novel based on her experiences and blog: The Washingtonienne: A Novel. As of [update]Cutler is being sued by one of her former lovers in a case that could establish the extent to which bloggers are obligated to protect the privacy of their real life associates.
Petite Anglaiselost her job in Paris at a British accountancy firm because of blogging. Sanderson later won a compensation claim case against the British dadurch cheap curriculum vitae ghostwriters sites uk Butter, however. Business owners who blog about their business can also run into legal consequences.
Mark Cubanowner of the Dallas Maverickswas fined during the NBA playoffs for criticizing NBA officials on the court and in his blog. In some countries, Internet police or secret police may monitor blogs and arrest blog authors of commentators.
Blogs can be much harder to control than broadcast or print media, because a person can create a blog whose authorship is hard to trace, by using anonymity technology such as Tor. It is the first time in the history of Egypt that a blogger was prosecuted. After a brief trial session that took place in Alexandriathe blogger was found guilty and sentenced to prison terms of three years for insulting Islam and inciting sedition, and one year for insulting Mubarak.
After the Egyptian revolutionthe Egyptian blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad was charged with insulting the military for an article he wrote on his personal blog and sentenced to 3 years. The Sudanese army had demanded his deportation. In some cases, bloggers have faced cyberbullying. Kathy Sierraauthor of article source blog "Creating Passionate Users",  was the target of threats and misogynistic insults to the point that she canceled her keynote speech at a technology conference in San Diego, fearing for her safety.
Sierra and supporters initiated an online discussion aimed at countering abusive online behavior  and developed a Blogger's Code of Conductwhich set out a rules for behaviour in the online space. The Blogger's Code of Conduct is a proposal by Tim O'Reilly for bloggers to enforce civility on their blogs by being civil themselves and moderating comments on their blog.
The code was proposed in due to threats made to blogger Kathy Sierra. While the internet has continued to grow, with online activity and discourse only picking up both in positive and negative ways in terms of blog post editor service united kingdom interaction, the proposed Code has drawn more widespread attention to the necessity of monitoring blogging activity and social norms being as important online as offline.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Google service with same name, see Blogger service. For other uses, see Blog disambiguation.
Not to be confused with. Main articles: History of blogging and online diary. See also: Political repression of cyber-dissidents See also: Cyberstalking and Internet homicide. Blog post editor service united kingdom of free blog hosting services. List of family-and-homemaking blogs.
Burns; Terry Daugherty; Matthew S. Handbook of Research descriptive esl my essay do usa on Digital Media and Advertising: User Generated Content Consumption. Accessed Blog post editor service united kingdom 20, ".
Archived from the original on I certainly started click the following article a day book well before most, and long before the term "blog" or Web Log was invented.
BIX, the Byte information exchange, preceded the Web best writers website us a lot, and I also had a daily journal on GE Genie.
All that was long before the World Wide Web. New York Review of Books. The New York Review of Books. The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 1 January Retrieved 30 January Retrieved January 5, McChesney and John NicholsDelaware OnlineNovember 3, Retrieved November 10, Archived October 18,at the Wayback Machine.
Top Websites For WomenForbesJune 23, The New York Times. Is it an ad? It's a mummy blog". Fans, Bloggers, and Gamers. New York: New York University Press. New York: Nicholas Brealey Publishing.
Audience, structure and authority in the weblog blog post editor service united kingdom. Presented at the International Communication Association Conference, May,New Orleans, LA.
Emergency Preparedness and Safety Tips Blog post editor service united kingdom Air and Online. Lisa Tolliver On Air and Online. Burns, Terry Daugherty, Matthew S. Eastin Eds Handbook of Research on Digital Media and Advertising: User Generated Content Consumption Vol 1IGI Global, Bloggers, Beware: What You Write Can Get You Sued. CahillA. Wall Street Journal Online. Retrieved 8 July See also "Forget the Footnotes". Sex Blog Scandal Heads to Court". Associated PressMSNBC.
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