Custom descriptive essay sf to THIS IS AMERICA esl writers website united states, in VOA Special English. And I'm Faith Lapidus. InAmericans elected Thomas Jefferson as their third president. Jefferson had a wish.
He wanted to discover a waterway that crossed from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific. He wanted to build a system of trade that connected people throughout the country. At that time the United States did not stretch all the way across the continent. Jefferson proposed that a group of explorers travel across North America in search of such a waterway. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led the exploration west from to popular annotated bibliography proofreading service us They discovered that the Rocky Mountains divided the land.
They also found no coast-to-coast waterway. So Jefferson decided that a different transportation system would best connect American communities. This system involved roads, rivers and railroads.
It esl writers website united states included the digging of waterways. By the middle of the s, dirt roads had been built in parts of the nation.
The use of river steamboats increased. Boats also traveled along man-made canals which strengthened local economies. The American railroad system began. Many people did not believe train technology would work. In time, railroads became the most popular form of land transportation in the United States.
In 19th-century American culture, railroads were more than just a way esl writers website united states travel. Trains also found their way into the works of writers like Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne and Walt Whitman.
Inthe United States celebrated its th birthday. By now, there were new ways to move people and goods between farms, towns and cities.
Esl writers website united states flow of business changed. Workers finished the first coast-to-coast railroad in Towns and cities could develop farther away from major waterways and the coasts. But, to develop economically, many small communities had to build links to the railroads. Esl writers website united states helped many industries, including agriculture. Farmers had a new way to send wheat and grain to ports.
From there, ships could carry the goods around the world. Trains had special container cars with ice to keep meat, milk and other goods cold for long distances on their way to market. People could now get fresh fruits and vegetables throughout the year. Locally grown crops could be sold nationally. Farmers often hired immigrant workers from Asia and Mexico to plant, harvest and pack these foods. By the early s, American cities had grown. So, too, had public transportation.
The electric streetcar became a common form of transportation. These trolleys ran on metal tracks built into streets. Soon, however, people began to drive their own cars. Nelson Jackson and his friend, Sewall Crocker, were honored as the first to cross the United States in an automobile. Their trip esl writers website united states lasted 63 days.
And it was difficult. Mainly that was because few good roads for driving existed. Check this out the two men, and their dog Bud, also had trouble with their car and with the weather. Yet, they esl writers website united states that long-distance travel across the United States was possible. The trip also helped fuel interest in the American automobile industry. Bymore than half the families in America owned an automobile.
For many, a car became a need, not simply an expensive toy. To deal with the changes, lawmakers had to pass new traffic laws and rebuild roads. Cars also needed businesses to service them. Gas stations, tire stores and repair centers began to appear. Many people took to the road for personal travel or to find work.
The open highway came to represent independence and freedom. During the nineteen-twenties and thirties, the most traveled road in the United States was Route It stretched from Esl writers website united states, Illinois, to the Pacific Ocean in Esl writers website united states Monica, California. It was considered the "people's highway. They came from the middle of the country. They moved West in search of work and a better life.
World War Two ended in Soldiers came home and started families. Businesses started to move out to the edges of cities where suburbs were developing.
Most families in these growing communities esl writers website united states cars, bicycles or motorcycles to get around. Buses also became popular. The movement of businesses and people away from city centers led to the economic weakening of many downtown areas.
City leaders reacted with transportation projects designed to support downtown development. Underground train systems also became popular in the s. Some people had enough money to ride on the newest form of transportation: the airplane. But for most automobile drivers, long-distance travel remained somewhat difficult. There was no state-to-state highway system. In Congress passed a law called the Federal-Aid Highway Act.
Engineers designed a 65, kilometer system of roads. They designed highways to reach every city with a population overThe major work on the Interstate Highway Esl writers website united states was completed around It has done more than simply make a trip to see family in another state easier. It has also led to the rise of the container trucking industry. The American transportation system started with horses and boats. It now includes everything from container trucks to airplanes to motorcycles.
Yet, in some ways, the system has been a victim of its own success. Many places struggle with traffic problems as more and more cars fill the roads.
And a lot of people do not just drive cars anymore. They drive big sport utility vehicles and minivans and personal trucks. For others, hybrid cars are the answer. Hybrids use both gas and electricity. They save fuel and reduce pollution. But pollution is not the only environmental concern with transportation.
Ease of travel means development can spread farther and farther. And that means the loss of natural areas. Yet, every day, Americans depend on their transportation system to keep them, and the largest economy in the world, esl writers website united states the move. The National Museum of American History in Washington, D. And you can experience http://piernassexy.co/popular-admission-essay-writer-website-usa.php all on the Internet at americanhistory-dot-s-i-dot-e-d-u.
Again, the address is americanhistory-dot-s-i-dot-e-d-u. And I'm Esl writers website united states Griffith. Join us again next week for the VOA Special English program THIS IS AMERICA. This page is part of American History which is part of Interesting Things for ESL Students. This week, travel back this web page time to explore the history of transportation in the United States.
Within those first years, transportation links had helped form a new national economy. MUSIC: "I've Been Working on the Railroad" Workers finished the first coast-to-coast railroad in InNat King Cole came out with this song, called "Route MUSIC: "Truckin" The American custom essay writer for au system started with horses and boats.
As we all know, institutions of higher education in the United States host a large number of international esl writers website united states drawn from a wide range of countries. This number is increasing each year. Along with the benefits that foreign learners obtain from pursuing their education in U. These problems are especially visible during the first year of a college experience. A freshman year, broadly speaking, can be a difficult intellectual and emotional experience for anyone.
International students, however, face additional trials, which are related to language barrier, culture shock, intercultural conflicts, and immigration regulations, to name a few. College life esl writers website united states the United States, with its newness and high academic standards, oftentimes overwhelms students from other countries. First-year composition courses, which are required in most American universities, are not exceptions to these issues.
In many universities, international students are placed in mainstream classes; some of these students may feel they have to unfairly compete with American students in Read more, something that is natural for the latter and difficult for the former. Being an international student myself, I have continue reading some of the difficulties mentioned above, paper popular term au hire for ghostwriter thus this esl writers website united states has its meaningfulness to me on a personal level.
In addition, as I started teaching a first-year composition class last year, I began to wonder if a mainstream class was the right place for my ESL learners. Here, at Purdue, the Introductory Composition Program also offers a freshman writing course designed specifically for international students; this may also be the case with many other composition programs throughout the country. Would international link benefit more from ESL writing courses?
However, each of these options has advantages and disadvantages. As Silva rightly pointed out, mainstream composition classes are the easiest option in terms of the logistics and teacher preparation. However, they present considerable linguistic, cultural, and rhetorical challenges for ESL writers.
Basic writing classes, created for inexperienced native writers, may not be a fully appropriate solution for ESL students either, as many click them are very skilled writers in their native language. Another problem related to the placement of international students in a suitable source course is that not all universities are able to offer a range of writing classes.
In many programs, mainstream composition courses are the only option. In those click the following article, as mentioned earlier, international students run into a whole variety of challenges, which I may discuss in more depth in my future posts. But for now, I will conclude by saying that I article source believe that college writing instructors should be able to offer a positive learning environment in their classrooms that will meet the needs of international students.
Investigating the impact of personality and early life experiences on intercultural interaction in internationalized universities. International Learn more here of Intercultural Relations, 36 WAP, 18 Your email address will not be published. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by esl writers website united states. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.
Support TESOL About TESOL Contact TESOL. Affiliates - Regional Organizations. The Right Placement for ESL Writers. Posted on 31 July by Elena Shvidko. What are your experiences with appropriately placing ESL students in composition classes?
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