To give you a chance to practice proofreading, we have left seven errors three spelling errors, two punctuation errors, and two grammatical errors in the text of this handout.
See if you can spot them! Although many people use the terms interchangeably, editing and proofreading are two different stages of the revision process. Both popular article editing website for college close and careful reading, but they focus on different aspects of the writing and employ different techniques. Editing is what you begin doing as soon as you finish your first draft.
You reread your draft to see, for example, whether the paper is well-organized, the transitions between paragraphs are smooth, and your evidence really backs up your argument. You can edit on several levels: Have you done everything the assignment requires? Are the claims click here make accurate? If it is required to do so, does your paper make an argument? Is the argument complete?
Are all of your claims consistent? Have you supported each point with adequate evidence? For additional tips, see our handouts on cheap bibliography sites online assignments and developing an argument.
Does your paper have an appropriate introduction and conclusion? Is your thesis clearly stated in your introduction? Is it clear how each paragraph in the body of your paper is related to your thesis? Are the paragraphs arranged in a logical sequence? Have you made clear transitions between paragraphs? One way to check the structure of your paper is to make a reverse outline of the paper after you have written the first draft. See our handouts on introductionsconclusionsthesis statementsand transitions.
Does each paragraph have a clear topic sentence? Does each paragraph stick to one main idea? Are there any extraneous or missing sentences in any of your paragraphs? See our handout on paragraph development. Have you defined any important terms that might be unclear to your reader? Is the meaning of each sentence clear?
One way to answer this question is to read your paper one sentence at a time, starting at the end and working backwards so that you will not unconsciously fill in content from previous sentences. Is it clear what each pronoun he, she, it, they, which, who, this, popular article editing website for college. Have you chosen the proper words to express your ideas?
Have you used an appropriate tone formal, informal, persuasive, etc. Have you varied the length and structure of your sentences? Do you tends to use the passive voice too often? Do you repeat a strong word for example, a popular article editing website for college main verb unnecessarily?
For tips, see our handouts on style and gender-sensitive language. Have you appropriately cited quotes, paraphrases, and ideas you got from sources? Are your citations in the correct format? See the Popular article editing website for college Libraries citation tutorial for more information.
As you edit at all of these levels, you will usually make significant revisions to the content and wording of your paper. Keep an eye out for patterns of error; knowing what kinds of problems you tend to popular article editing website for college will be helpful, especially if you are editing a large document like a thesis or dissertation.
Once you have identified a pattern, you can develop techniques for spotting and correcting future instances of that pattern. For popular article editing website for college, if you notice that you often discuss several distinct topics in each paragraph, you can go through your paper and underline the key words in each paragraph, then break the paragraphs up so that each one focuses on just one main idea.
Proofreading is the final stage of the editing process, focusing on surface errors such as misspellings and mistakes in grammar and punctuation. You should proofread only after you have finished all of your other editing revisions.
But like it or not, the way a paper looks affects the way others judge it. Most people devote only a few minutes to proofreading, hoping to catch any glaring errors that jump out from the page. Sure, this takes a little extra time, but it pays off in the end. If you know that you have an effective way to popular article editing website for college errors when popular article editing website for college paper is almost finished, you can worry less about editing while you are writing your first drafts.
This makes the entire writing proccess more efficient. Try to keep the editing and proofreading processes separate. You probably already use some of the strategies discussed below. Experiment with different tactics until you find a system that works well for you. The important thing is to make the process systematic and focused so that you catch as many errors as possible in the least amount of time.
This handout contains seven errors our proofreader should have caught: three spelling errors, two punctuation errors, and two grammatical errors. We consulted these works while writing popular united kingdom papers service ghostwriting original version of this handout.
Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, professional dissertation proposal editing sites us it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. Think about Editing: An ESL Guide for the Harbrace Handbooks. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, Lane, Janet, and Ellen Lange.
Writing Clearly: Grammar for Editing. Boston: Learn more here ELT, Berkeley: University of California Press, New York: Longman, How to Be Your Own Best Editor: The Toolkit for Everyone Who Writes. New York: Three Rivers Press, This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2. You may reproduce it for non-commercial use if you use the entire handout just click print and attribute the source: The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Print PDF.
College of Arts and Sciences. The Writing Center at UNC-Chapel Hill. Submit a Draft Online. Tips on Teaching Writing. Tips on Popular article editing website for college ESL Students. Teaching Assistantships in the Writing Center. Print PDF Print PDF.
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